Abstract of G. Golan Sprinzak Lecture


G. Golan Sprinzak, A. Rimmerman, Y. Latzer
Haifa UniversityIsrael

Obesity is considered by the WHO as "the Pandemic of the 21st
Century". The relatively small number of medical and psychological
studies, revealed that obesity ratio amongst intellectually disabled
people is greater than in the general society. In spite of the fact that
obesity as quality of life effecting factor is in consensus, the relation
between obesity and Quality of Life among intellectually disabled has
not been researched. Quality of Life is recognized as a prime
consideration in connection with planning and evaluating services for
intellectually disabled. The purpose of this study was, accordingly, to
examine the relation between obesity and Quality of Life amongst
intellectually disabled in Israel and, should the aforesaid relation is
found in existence, whether gender, dwelling, employment, physical
activity and nutrition should be recognized as effecting factors. One
hundred and fifty six intellectually disabled employed in Rehabilitation
Employment Centers between the Haifa and Netanya area have been
sampled, while applying Cummins & Lau Questionnaire as Quality of
Life criteria, likewise through using additional instruments such as
Nutrition and Activity Knowledge Scale (NAKS), Health Questionnaire
on life habits and eating habits. Our study revealed that overweight
and obesity rates amongst intellectually disabled are greater than the
general population in Israel while no relation between obesity and
gender, dwelling intellectual disability level and Quality of Life has
been found. At the same token, a significant relation between dwelling
and physical activity, eating habits and access to medical services has
been reveled through our study.

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